Abdullah Abdullah is an Afghan politician, serving as Chief Executive Officer of Afghanistan since September 2014. From October 2001 to April 2005, he served as Minister of Foreign Affairs. Prior to that he was a senior member of the Northern Alliance working as an adviser to Ahmad Shah Massoud. He also worked as a doctor of medicine during the late 1990s.
Abdullah ran against President Hamid Karzai in the 2009 presidential election, coming in second place with 30.5% of the total votes. In 2010, he created the Coalition for Change and Hope, which is one of the leading democratic opposition movements in Afghanistan. In 2011, the coalition was transformed into the National Coalition of Afghanistan. He ran again in the 2014 presidential election but lost to Ashraf Ghani. Afterwards, the two created a unity government in which Abdullah serves as President Ghani's Chief Executive Officer.