Gerard Adams is an Irish republican politician, president of the Sinn Féin political party, and a Teachta Dála for Louth since the 2011 general election.
From 1983 to 1992 and from 1997 to 2011, he was an abstentionist Westminster Member of Parliament for Belfast West.
He has been the president of Sinn Féin since 1983. Since that time the party has become the fourth-largest party in the Republic of Ireland, the second-largest political party in Northern Ireland and the largest Irish nationalist party in that region. In 1984, Adams was seriously wounded in an assassination attempt by several gunmen from the Ulster Defence Association including John Gregg. From the late 1980s onwards, Adams was an important figure in the Northern Ireland peace process, initially following contact by the then-Social Democratic and Labour Party leader John Hume and then subsequently with the Irish and British governments.
In 2005, the Provisional Irish Republican Army indicated that its armed campaign was over and that it was exclusively committed to democratic politics.