Chief Justice John Marshall

From the opinion of the Supreme Court, given by Chief Justice John Marshall, in Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. 137 (1803), which established the doctrine of judicial review.

"Let the end be legitimate, let it be within the scope of the constitution, and all means which are appropriate, which are plainly adapted to that end, which are not prohibited, but consist with the letter and spirit of the constitution, are constitutional. ...[S]hould Congress, under the pretext of executing its powers, pass laws for the accomplishment of objects not entrusted to the government, such [acts are] not the law of the land."