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A people and their religion must be judged by social standards based on social ethics. No other standard would have any meaning if religion is held to be necessary good for the well-being of the people.
Caste is not a physical object like a wall of bricks or a line of barbed wire which prevents the Hindus from Co-mingling and which has, therefore, to be pulled down. Caste is a notion; it is a state of the mind.
Caste may be bad. Caste may lead to conduct so gross as to be called man's inhumanity to man. All the same, it must be recognized that the Hindus observe caste not because they are inhuman or wrong-headed. They observe caste because they are deeply religious.
Freedom of mind is the Real Freedom. A person whose mind is not free though he may not be in chains is a Slave, not a Free Man.
I shall have no faith in Rama and Krishna who are believed to be incarnation of God nor shall I worship them. I thereby reject my old religion, Hinduism, which is detrimental to the prosperity of human kind and which discriminates between man and man and which treats me as inferior.
If you study carefully you will see that Buddhism is based on reason. There is an element of flexibility inherent in it which is not found in any other religion.
Indians today are governed by two different ideologies. Their political ideal set in the preamble of the Constitution affirms a life of liberty, equality and fraternity. Their social ideal embodied in their religion denies them.
Men are mortal. So are ideas. An idea needs propagation as much as a plant needs watering. Otherwise both will wither and die.
My philosophy has roots in religion and not in political science. I have derived them from the teachings of my master, the Buddha.
Our is a battle; not for wealth, nor for power. Ours is battle; for freedom; for reclamation of human personality.
Political tyranny is nothing compared to the social tyranny and a reformer who defies society is a more courageous man than a politician who defies Government.
Religion must mainly be a matter of principles only. It cannot be a matter of rules. The moment it degenerates into rules, it ceases to be a religion, as it kills responsibility which is an essence of the true religious act.
Unlike a drop of water which loses its identity when it joins the ocean, man does not lose his being in the society in which he lives. Man's life is independent. He is born not for the development of the society alone, but for the development of him self.
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